Turkey’s Erdogan sets an example for illiberal
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uk canada goose Relations between the United States and Turkey are at a low ebb and that’s an understatement. and anti Western diatribes are now stock in trade for Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, and anti American feeling in Turkey appears to be deepening. forces. uk canada goose
canada goose Secretary of State Rex Tillerson was in Turkey on canada goose outlet trillium parka black Thursday for discussions that wereprobably rather difficult. In recent weeks, Erdogan fumed over American support for the Syrian Kurdish groups his government deems terrorist canada goose outlet 80 off organizations. And, invoking the sort of nationalism that increasingly defines his rule, he warned the Americans that theyrisked the might of an “Ottoman slap.” canada goose
canada goose factory sale Erdogan deploys such language for a reason. canada goose factory sale
Canada Goose Parka “One of the overarching stories of Turkish politics in recent years has been the retrenchment of the AKP into the populist party of Erdogan,” noted a new report on Turkish nationalism from the Center for American Progress, a liberal think tank in Washington. But the studyalso found a curious confluence between religiously minded Turks and secular nationalists. Canada Goose Parka
Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan greets members of parliament from his AKP Party in Ankara, Turkey, on Feb. 13. (Yasin Bulbul/Presidential Palace/Reuters)
More than 80 percent of those polled agreed that “Islam plays a central role in my own life and is essential to my understanding of Turkish identity.” But 70 percent also agreed that Turkey should be “a secular state that respects the rights of people from all religious backgrounds canada goose jacket outlet sale to practice their faiths with no official state religion.” In a deeply polarized country, the sentiments reflect theplatformthroughwhich Erdogan hasbuilta majority to buttress his rule, bringing together Turkish ultranationalists and more pious conservatives who, in a previous generation, would have been unlikely political bedfellows.
“The cocktail of Islam and nationalism is easily observed in the slogans and social media accounts of the Turkish forces taking part in Turkey’s three week old offensive against Syrian Kurdish forces in Afrin,”, referring to the enclave in Syria under Turkish attack. “Evocations of the country’s Ottoman past punctuated with cries of ‘Allahu akbar’ and assertions canada goose outlet of Turkish superiority are de rigueur.”
canada goose coats on sale Readers of this newsletter are at this point all too accustomed to reading about “populism.” Politics in the West and elsewhere draws profoundly from awell of public disaffection and rising nationalism. You could, in a way, describe Erdogan’s platform as “populist,” steeped canada goose outlet toronto in appeals to the industry and patriotism of the common man. But it is more usefully seen as “majoritarian,” an ideology that manipulates cultural animosities in a democracy to achieve power and then maintain it at all cost. canada goose coats on sale
Turkey is far from alone in this. Werz pointed outsimilar dynamicsin illiberal governments in Hungary and Poland, where politicians have melded Catholic devotion canada goose outlet store calgary with “post Stalinist patriotism,” as well as the Hindu nationalist government of Narendra Modi in India.
canadian goose jacket This underscores another significant point: Erdogan’s Islamism, like Modi’s Hinduism, issimplya cloak for his nationalism.”As revolutionary as President Erdogan’s leadership has been, a large part of his success has derived from framing his reforms around shared basic assumptions about the nature of Turkish identity,” wrote Howard Eissenstat, a professor of Middle East history at St. Lawrence University, in commentary accompanying the study. “Majoritarianism insists on different tiers of citizenship. Members of the majority faith and culture are viewed as the nation’s true citizens,” wrote Indian historian Mukul Kesavan. “The rest are courtesy citizens, guests of the majority, expected to behave well and deferentially. To be tolerated at the canada goose outlet florida majority’s discretion is no substitute for full citizenship in modern democracies.” (The CAP study, too, found that an overwhelming proportion of Turks were angry about the presence of Syrian refugees in their country, while other ethnic minorities are getting more and more worried by the nationalist climate.) canadian goose jacket
Canada Goose Jackets Kesavan made this observation in a recent essay in the New York Review of Books, focusing on the anger canada goose outlet black friday of Buddhist majorities in countriessuch as Burma and Sri Lanka against Muslim minorities in their midst grievances that were gruesomely laid out last year inthe ethnic cleansing of Burma’s Rohingya communities. Canada Goose Jackets
The perceived grievance of the majority whether in Burma or Turkey or, canada goose parka outlet indeed, the United States is a powerful tool of political mobilization. President Trump built his political brand on the quest to restore a mythic past, to uplift the “forgotten” people and purge canadagoosepark the land ofits enemies. But the weaponizing of such angst has obvious dark sides. In other countries, it has turned all too deadly. “The cultivation of this sense of injury is the necessary precondition for the lynchings, pogroms, and ethnic cleansing that invariably follow,” Kesavan wrote.
In Werz’s mind, that majoritarian style of rule could be more dangerous to liberal democracy than the populism that dominates headlines. “This,” he said, “might be the model for much of the world.”
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